A path connects location points within your supply chain, allowing a product to be transported from one location to another.
It is obligatory to:
 Define a vehicle for each path.
 Define a shipping policy for each path record (in case of SIM scenario type only).
Paths are unidirectional. To define a path for the reverse travel direction, you must create a new table entry.
A pair of locations within your supply chain can be connected by multiple paths.
The defined connections may not be shown on the GIS map for the following reasons.
Paths can be created manually or automatically.
Column  Description 

From 
Defines the starting location point of the path, which can be:

To 
Defines the ending location point of the path, which can be a:

Cost Calculation 
Sets the formula for calculating transportation cost for the path. In case of the NO experiment, see the following statistics for details:
The available transportation cost calculators: 
Cost Calculation Parameters 
The field displays the resulting formula for calculating transportation costs for the path in accordance with the selected Cost calculation type. The formula parameters are initially set to zero. Doubleclick the cell to open a popup dialog box allowing you to set the parameters of the corresponding policies: 
CO2 Calculation Parameters 
The field displays the resulting formula for calculating CO2 emissions for the path in accordance with the selected Cost calculation type. The formula parameters are initially set to zero. Doubleclick the cell to open a popup dialog box allowing you to set the parameters of the corresponding policies: 
Currency 
The type of currency, in which the payment will be made. The list of available units comprises the units defined in the anyLogistix settings. 
Distance 
Defines the path length in the measurement unit specified in the Distance Unit column. If set to zero, the path length at the experiment runtime is calculated according to the Straight column setting. 
Distance Unit 
Defines the measurement unit that is applied to Distance, Cost Calculation Parameters, CO2 Calculation Parameters of this table record. The list of available units comprises the units defined in the anyLogistix settings. 
Transportation Time 
[Not available in GFA scenario type] Defines the transportation time for the path in the specified Time Unit.
If Transportation Time is set to zero and:

Time Unit 
[Available in SIM scenario type] The measurement unit that the Transportation Time is measured in. The list of available units comprises the units defined in the anyLogistix settings. 
Straight 
Defines the graphical representation of the path on the map, as well as the method for calculating travel distance and transportation time for the path. The graphical path representation on the map is regulated as follows:
If Transportation Time and Distance are both set to zero, the Straight option defines how the travel distance and the transportation time for the path are calculated:

Vehicle Type 
The vehicle type (previously defined in the Vehicle Types table) that is used for shipping products along the path. The selected vehicle provides the Speed value that is used for calculating the path Distance or Transportation Time. 
Transportation Policy 
[Available in NO scenario type only] Transportation policy regulates the handling of the orders for the amount smaller than the selected vehicle capacity. The orders are handled as follows:

Min Load, ratio 
[Available in NO scenario type only] [The value is applied only if Transportation Policy is set to FTL] The value sets the threshold for the ratio between the ordered product amount and the vehicle capacity. If the threshold is exceeded, the vehicle is treated as fully loaded. The value is provided as a fraction in the interval between 0 and 1. For example, the Min load, Ratio of 0.7 implies that if a vehicle load exceeds 0.7 of its capacity, the vehicle is treated as fully loaded. The system compares the product amount and the vehicle capacity based on their mass and volume characteristics. The data for the comparison is taken from the Products and Vehicle Types tables, respectively. As a result, two separate ratios are produced: the masses ratio and the volumes ratio. If any of these ratios exceeds the Min load, Ratio, the vehicle is treated as fully loaded. 
Time Period 
The time period during which the paths are used. 
Name 
[Available in SIM scenario type] Specify the name of the path. It must be a meaningful name since you will refer to it in the Events table to change the state of the path. 
Inclusion Type 
The status of the path:

To create a path manually, you add a new entry to the Paths table and provide the path parameters. These parameters are set depending on the source data you are provided with.
For example, you can be provided with the actual values of the distances between the locations of your supply chain or the transportation times for location pairs. In this case, you can create a path based on these exact values. Alternatively, you can create a path based on a geographical route, which can be either a straight line, or the actual road network segment. In this case, anyLogistix will automatically calculate the corresponding distances and transportation times.
Paths are created automatically when you create a new scenario or run a GFA experiment:
 When you create a new scenario, a new "AlltoAll" path is created. This path serves as the default connection between the sites of your supply chain and uses the All locations system location group as its starting and ending points.
 When you run a GFA experiment, the system either uses the default "AlltoAll" path or, in case the default path is deleted, creates new paths between the proposed locations and the sites of your supply chain. Running any experiment except GFA is not possible until the appropriate paths are defined.
A product can be shipped from one location to another by different means of transport: by air or by truck, as for instance. You can define the vehicle parameters in the Vehicle types table and create a path entry for each vehicle type in the Paths table.
 Air transportation can be described by a path entry with the Straight option enabled. Its length will be calculated as the geodesic distance (as the crow flies) between the location points.
 Truck transportation can be described by a path entry with the Straight option disabled. Its length will be calculated as the length of the actual route on the road network.
The resulting paths will have different transportation time; transportation costs can also differ for them. Depending on your optimization goal, one of these paths can be more preferable. Each path should have a shipping policy, which will eventually choose the optimal path according to the defined parameters.
Data in the external table should be organized in the following way to allow the Rate matrix properly calculate the transportation costs:
 The first column should contain source locations of a product.
 The rest of the columns should contain destinations (customers, sites) the product is taken to.
 The transportation cost (per specified Amount unit) is specified for the pair of source / destination locations.
 In case of MS Excel file the sheet name will be taken as the matrix name after import.
also see our example scenario for more details.
The productbased calculation policy is calculated as Cost per specified product measurement unit * amount + Add cost, where:
 Cost is the cost for transporting one item of product in the specified measurement unit no matter the distance.
 Amount is the amount of the shipment.
 Add cost is a fixed value. Add cost is commonly treated as the cost of vehicle provisioning.
 Productbased policy parameters

0 * amount unit + 0
 Cost per unit — the cost of transporting one product in the specified Amount unit.
 Add cost — a fixed value. It is commonly treated as the cost of vehicle provisioning.
 Amount unit — the product measurement unit.
 Productbased CO2 parameters

0 * amount unit + 0
 CO2 per unit — the amount of CO2 produced per transported product in the specified Amount unit.
 Add CO2 — a fixed value of produced CO2 per vehicle.
 Amount unit — the product measurement unit.
Product&distancebased is calculated as Cost per product measurement unit * volume(unit) * distance, where:
 Cost per product measurement unit — the cost for transporting one item of product in the specified measurement unit to the distance of one kilometer, or the Distance Unit, if defined.
 Volume — the total amount of the shipment.
 distance — the travel distance.
 Product&distancebased policy parameters

0 * amount unit * distance
 Cost per unit — the cost of transporting one product in the specified Amount unit.
 Amount unit — the product measurement unit.
 Product&distancebased CO2 parameters

0 * amount unit * distance
 CO2 per unit — the amount of CO2 produced per transported product in the specified Amount unit.
 Amount unit — the product measurement unit.
A fixed Cost value, which is the shipping cost per delivery per vehicle (if vehicle type is defined).
e.g. a vehicle visits 5 customers. The costs will be calculated as delivery cost * N of customers * N of vehicles.
 If a shipment involves several vehicles, the resulting cost is calculated as Cost * Number of vehicles.
 If no Vehicle Type is set, the provided value is the total shipping cost. No other parameters are taken into account.
 Fixed delivery policy parameters

 Cost — the fixed shipping cost per delivery per vehicle (if vehicle type is defined)
 Fixed delivery CO2 parameters

 CO2 emissions — the fixed emission amount per delivery per vehicle (if vehicle type is defined)
It is calculated as Variable cost * distance + cost per stop, where:
 Variable cost — the cost for transporting a product to a distance of one kilometer (or the Distance Unit, if defined) no matter the weight.
 Distance — the shipping distance. The distance value is either manually defined by the user in the Distance column of this table, or is received from the GIS server.
 Cost per stop — the userdefined fixed cost that is simply added to the expression. The defined cost is added per every object a vehicle visits but the site the vehicle sets off.
 If a Vehicle Type is specified, the value of the Cost per stop parameter is applied to each truck, i.e., it is calculated as vehicles amount * (Variable cost * distance + Cost per stop)
 In case of NO scenarios if the policy is set to LTL, it is calculated as (Variable cost * distance * Cost per stop) * delivered amount of products
 Distancebased with cost per stop parameters

0 * distance + 0 per stop
 Variable Cost per km — the cost for transporting a product to a distance of one kilometer (or the Distance Unit, if defined) no matter the weight. Note that the Distance Unit is applied, if defined.
 Cost per stop — the fixed cost that is added to the expression.
 Distancebased with cost per stop CO2 parameters

0 * distance + 0 per stop
 Variable CO2 emissions — the CO2 emissions from transporting a product to a distance of one kilometer (or the Distance Unit, if defined) no matter the weight.
 CO2 emissions per stop — the fixed CO2 emissions that is added to the expression.
The policy allows you to set distance limit that will prevent vehicles from setting off if violated. Calculated as cost per product measurement unit * volume(unit) * distance, where:
 Distance range — the min and max distances (specified in the Distance lower limit and Distance upper limit cost calculation parameters) that must not be violated by the delivery path length.
 Cost per product measurement unit — the cost for transporting one item of product in the specified measurement unit to the distance of one kilometer (or the Distance Unit, if defined).
 Volume — the total amount of the shipment.
 Distance — the travel distance.
Note the following combinations:
 Vehicles will not set off if the length of the path that is used to deliver the goods is:
 less than the specified Distance lower limit,
 or larger than or equal to the specified Distance upper limit.
 Vehicles will set off if the length of the path that is used to deliver goods is greater than, or equal to the specified Distance lower limit, and is less than the specified Distance upper limit.
 Vehicles will not set off if the length of the path that is used to deliver the goods is:
 Product&distancebased limited distance parameters

Distance [0, 0): 0 * volume * distance
 Amount unit — the product measurement unit.
 Cost per unit — the cost for transporting one item of product in the specified measurement unit to the distance of one kilometer. Note that the Distance Unit is applied, if defined.
 Distance lower limit — the minimum distance.
 Distance upper limit. — the maximum distance.
 Product&distancebased limited distance CO2 parameters

Distance [0, 0): 0 * volume * distance
 Amount unit — the product measurement unit.
 CO2 per unit — the CO2 emissions for transporting one item of product in the specified measurement unit to the distance of one kilometer. Note that the Distance Unit is applied, if defined.
 Distance lower limit — the minimum distance.
 Distance upper limit. — the maximum distance.
Cost per drop — works just like the Fixed delivery, except for the returning segment, which is costfree. The returning segment is a route segment, which is used by the vehicle to return to the positioning site.
This policy type requires the route to be defined by one Path. To create such route, you must define the From and To locations with a group that will contain the required set of sites and customers.
 Cost per drop parameters

 Cost — the fixed shipping cost per delivery per vehicle (if vehicle type is defined).
 Cost per drop CO2 parameters

 CO2 emissions — the fixed shipping CO2 emissions per delivery per vehicle (if vehicle type is defined).
Distancebased with fixed cost — calculated as Variable cost * distance + fixed cost, where:
 Variable cost — the cost for transporting a product to a distance of one kilometer no matter the weight (or the Distance Unit, if defined).
 Distance — the shipping distance. The distance value is either manually defined by the user in the Distance column of this table, or is received from the GIS server. Note that the Distance Unit is applied, if defined.
 Fixed cost — the userdefined fee that is simply added to the expression. The defined fee is added once per trip.
Note the following:
 If Vehicle Type is specified, the value of the Fixed cost parameter is applied to each truck, i.e., it is calculated as vehicles amount * (Variable cost * distance + Fixed cost).
 In case of NO scenarios if the vehicle type is not specified or the policy is set to LTL, it is calculated as Variable cost * distance * Fixed cost.
 Distancebased with fixed cost parameters

0 * distance + 0 per trip
 Variable cost per km — the cost for transporting a product to a distance per kilometer no matter the weight (or the Distance Unit, if defined).
 fixed cost — the userdefined fee that is added to the expression. The defined fee is added once per trip.
 Distancebased with fixed cost CO2 parameters

0 * distance + 0 per trip
 Variable CO2 emissions — the CO2 emissions from transporting a product to a distance per kilometer no matter the weight (or the Distance Unit, if defined).
 fixed CO2 emissions — the userdefined CO2 emission that is added to the expression. The defined CO2 emissions is added once per trip.
Rate matrix — uses data from the provided external table (also see our example scenario for more details). It is calculated as delivered amount * delivery cost, where:
 Delivered amount — the amount of products in the measurement unit defined in the Amount unit parameter.
 Delivery cost — the transportation cost per Amount unit between the two objects. This cost is defined in the external table, which is required for this policy.
 Rate matrix parameters

 Amount unit — the measurement unit the delivered amount is expressed in.
 Matrix name — the matrix name.

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